PVC - Polyvinyl Chloride

Excellent price/performance ratio

PVC belongs to the 'general' plastics group with an excellent price/performance ratio. That is why PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) is used in almost every branch of industry and for the most diverse applications.

For example, PVC is a widely used material in the advertising world, it is successfully used in the construction sector and PVC, in the form of pipes, fittings and appendages, is indispensable in the construction of piping systems. The application possibilities of PVC are also countless for processors in equipment construction, machine construction and the electrical industry.

PVC is available from Amari Plastics in many specific versions. See below all the options that Amari Plastics can offer you.

PVCPVC

PVC in our webshop

Unique features

  • Easy to machine
  • Weldable
  • Easy to glue
  • Available in many sizes and colours

Applications

  • Chemical engineering
  • Tank building
  • Ventilation
  • Construction

Machining options

  • Welding
  • Gluing
  • Warm bending
  • Thermoforming
  • Yes
  • Not in all cases
  • No

How to identify PVC

Colour is not always an indicator, PVC can often be identified by its dark grey colour, RAL7011. When you ignite PVC, you can identify the material by the yellow-green flame and grey smoke. PVC is self-extinguishing.

The specific gravity is higher than 1, which means that PVC does not float.

Where is PVC used?

Polyvinyl Chloride has a wide variety of applications in the industrial, construction and advertising sectors. It belongs to the category of 'general' plastics with an excellent price/performance ratio and is widely used. Of course we know the material from the private market, but it is also one of the most commonly used types of plastic in industry. Thanks to the very good chemical and electrical properties, the material is often used for plastic piping systems, for example in the water treatment or chemical process industry.

The price/performance ratio mentioned above also makes PVC an excellent material for advertising applications. It is excellent for printing and also for processing with normal tools. We see it often in all kinds of advertising, such as displays or poster carriers. There are foamed versions of PVC sheets for the advertising sector, which achieve a weight saving of 50%.

For the construction sector, we see PVC mainly being used as facade cladding. For this application, the material is often provided with a special foil, which provides UV protection, for example, so that the material also has a long life outdoors. We also see PVC as a material for wall cladding, this mainly includes the combination of PVC and PMMA.

The main technical properties of PVC

PVC is a rigid, form-retaining plastic with a smooth and sleek surface.  It is is excellent to glue and weld, so that a connection is quickly made.  It is not suitable for the food industry but is resistant to most chemicals. For example, PVC is chosen for piping and for applications in laboratories.

Technical information

  • General
    Definition Norm Unit Value
    Density ISO 1183 g/cm³ 1.45
    Moisture absorption in normal climate - % 0.05
    Specific heat capacity - kj/Kg°C 0.9
  • Mechanical
    Definition Norm Unit Value
    Tensile strength DIN 53455 N/mm 58
    Elongation to break DIN 53455 15
    E-Module DIN 53457 (23°C) N/mm²  3000
    Bending strength DIN 53452 N/mm²  80
    Impact strength DIN 53453 (23°C) Charpy 4
    Shore or ball pressure hardness Shore °D 85
    Coefficient of friction 0.55
  • Electrical
    Definition Norm Unit Value
    Relative electrical constant DIN 53485 (100Hz) 100 Hz 3.4
    Dielectric loss factor DIN 53483 (100Hz) tan (..x10-³ 0.03
    Specific resistance DIN 53482 16 cm 10
    Surface resistance DIN 53482 13 10
    Creep current resistance DIN 53480 KC 600
    Breakdown voltage DIN 53481 kV/mm 39
  • Thermal
    Definition Norm Unit Value
    Crystalline melting point °C 130
    Heat conductivity DIN 52162 W/m°K 0.159
    Linear coefficient of expansion DIN 53762 mm/m°C 0.08
    Long-term no-load operating temperature °C 0 / 60
    Maximum short-term operating temperature °C 70
    Heat deformation DIN 53461 °C 82
  • Temperature range
    Minimum temperature Maximum temperature
     0°C  +60°C

Machining data

  • Circular sawing
    Clearance angle (α) 10 - 15 [o]
    Rake angle (λ) -5 - 0 [o]
    Cutting speed 2000 - 4000 [m/min]
    Tooth pitch 2 - 8 [mm]
  • Band sawing
    Clearance angle (α) 30 - 40 [o]
    Rake angle (λ) -5 - 0 [o]
    Cutting speed 500 - 1500 [m/min]
    Tooth pitch 2 - 8 [mm]
  • Drilling
    Clearance angle (α) 8 - 10 [o]
    Rake angle (λ) -5 - 0 [o]
    Top angle (φ) 80 - 110 [o]
    Cutting speed 30 - 80 [m/min]
    Start 0.1 - 0.5 [mm/rev]
  • Turning
    Clearance angle (α) 5 - 10 [o]
    Rake angle (λ) -5 - 0 [o]
    Setting angle (χ) 45 - 60 [o]
    Cutting speed 200 - 500 [m/min]
    Start 0.1 - 0.3 [mm]
  • Milling
    Clearance angle (α) 5 - 10 [o]
    Rake angle (λ) -5 - 5 [o]
    Cutting speed <1000 [m/min]
    Start 0.1 - 0.5 [mm/rev]


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